But in gender-responsive adaptation planning, understanding the impacts is only half the battle. It also requires the formation of gender-equitable decision-making processes around adaptation, including at the national level. Since 2018, IISD has helped steadily advance the integration of gender considerations into NAP processes. Of the NAPs submitted to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) in March 2023, 98% mention gender and about half recognize women as change agents in climate change adaptation.
Learn more about gender responsive NAP processes: https://napglobalnetwork.org/resource/gender-responsive-nap-processes-progress-promising-examples/
As part of its commitments to Generation Equality, IISD is also supporting Ghana in promoting gender-responsive climate action. The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), which leads the NAP process in Ghana, is committed to adopting a gender-responsive NAP approach, in close collaboration with the Ministry of Gender, Children and Social protection. The NAP Global Network has supported these efforts by facilitating the development of a concrete strategy for integrating gender considerations into the NAP process.
Florence Tanoh, Director of Gender and Equity at the Ministry of Women of Côte d’Ivoire, recognizes the importance of capacity building to better address the links between gender and climate change. “Talking about the link between gender and climate makes the issue of gender equality more tangible. The Women’s Ministry is a very important ministry, but gender issues are often approached in a relatively theoretical, even mechanical way, like “We need eight women and eight men”, so that no one really pay attention to it,” explains Florence.
In Côte d’Ivoire, a concerted effort has been made to build capacity for mainstreaming gender into climate action, in line with a memorandum of understanding signed by ministers in charge of environment and gender in October 2021 As part of its commitments to Generation Equality, IISD conducted a series of training sessions, and gender advisors provided ongoing support to the Ministry of Environment, which leads the NAP process. .
Since July 2020, the existence of the national gender and climate change platform (PNGCC) has created a framework for exchanges and synergies between multiple actors with a view to transferring gender and climate skills at the national level. Having more actors involved in adaptation to make these connections is essential for gender-sensitive NAP processes. So far, the work is bearing fruit: “Some gender units, such as that of the Ministry of Hydraulics, have started to organize activities on the link between gender and climate that concern their sector”, explains Florence. “Interest in climate change is growing rapidly among experts working on gender issues.”